(Pablo Solon) A shared vision for long-term cooperative action on climate change is not simply about defining the limit on temperature increases.
A Shared Vision must incorporate a comprehensive and balanced set of goals regarding finance, technology transfer, adaptation, sharing the atmospheric space, climate debt, forced climate migrants, and reestablishing of harmony with Mother Earth.
In order to give back to future generations a world as we have received it, our target should be to stabilize temperature increases to 1 degree Celsius and atmospheric concentrations of gases at 300 ppm, as close as possible to the pre-industrial era.
To move in that direction, developed countries should reduce their emissions domestically, and without the use of market mechanisms. In the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the aggregate target must be a reduction of 50% based on 1990 levels by 2017.
A Shared Vision should include the equitable allocation of atmospheric space among developed countries and developing countries, taking into account an emissions budget for the period from 1750 to 2050.
It should also include provisions for the transfer of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries, including the exclusion of patents on climate-related technologies to favor developing country Parties;
A Shared Vision should clearly underscore the historical responsibility of developed countries and the need for them to recognize their climate debt in relation to the decolonization of the atmospheric space and in response to forced migration due to climate change.
A Shared Vision should include:
- quantified changes to the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production by developed countries.
- full and effective implementation of the rights of indigenous peoples.
- the recognition, promotion and defense of the Rights of Mother Earth.
A Shared Vision should also include stronger provisions for a mechanism to enforce compliance, because most developed countries have not fulfilled their obligations in relation to the implementation of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. In this way, we should promote the discussion of the establishment of an International Court of Climate and Environmental Justice.
A Shared Vision should promote mechanisms for democratic participation, including the possibility of a world plebiscite or referendum on critical climate change issues that involves all the peoples of the world.