Parliamentarians of the European United Left, and the Nordic United Left have proposed a Resolution in relation to the outcome of the Copenhagen summit on Climate Change that “welcomes the initiative taken by M. Evo Morales, President of Bolivia, to convoke the Peoples’ World Conference on Climate change and Mother Earth’s Rights from the 19th to the 22nd of April 2010 in the city of Cochabamba; urges the Commission, the Member states, the European Parliament and the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly to send representatives to this important event”.

Motion for Resolution on the outcome of the Copenhagen summit on Climate Change

by Kartika Liotard, Bairbre deBrún, Sabine Wils, Joao Ferreira, Marisa Matias, Elie Hoarau,  Nikos Chountis, Jean-Luc Mélenchon on behalf of the GUE/NGL

(European Parliament) B7‑0200/2009

European Parliament resolution on the outcome of the Copenhagen summit on Climate Change

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and  the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC;

–       having regard to the Copenhagen Accord of 18 December 2009, of which COP 15 decided to take note;

–       having regard to the European Parliament resolution of 25 November 2009 on the EU strategy for the Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change (COP15);

–       having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure

A.  whereas climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and defining issue for our generation;

B.  whereas the strong political will of the UNFCCC  is to urgently combat climate change in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities;

C. whereas the ultimate objective of the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere at a level preventing additional and dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system

D. whereas the world poorest countries are the most heavily concerned from climate change therefore adaptation actions aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience are needed, especially in those more vulnerable ones and in particular in the Small Island States where the population should not be forced to migrate;

E. acknowledging the massive attendance at the Copenhagen Convention of NGOs and indigenous representatives coming from all the world claiming their rights and the respect for their lives and the future generations;

F. recognizing the critical impacts of climate    change regarding the response measures on countries particularly vulnerable to its adverse effects and stressing the need to establish a comprehensive adaptation programme including financial international support;

G. recognizing that deep cuts in global emissions are required as stated by the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report with a view to reduce global emissions so as to keep world temperature below 2 degrees Celsius, and in light of the call of the Copenhagen Accord for an assessment in relation to temperature rises of 1.5° degrees Celsius ;

H.   recognizing that developed countries should provide adequate, predictable,    and sustainable financial resources, technology transfer and capacity-building to support the implementation of adaptation measures in developing countries;

I.  recognizing the crucial role of reduction emission from deforestation and ecosystems degradation and the need to enhance removals of greenhouse gas emissions by forest and other natural and semi-natural habitats;

J.  whereas Annex I Parties commit in the Copenhagen Accord to implement individually or jointly the quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020 which had to be submitted  by  31 January 2010;

K. whereas Non-Annex I Parties to the Convention will implement mitigation actions, which had to be submitted to the secretariat by 31 January 2010

1. Is deeply disappointed with the outcome of the Copenhagen Climate Conference and considers it a failure that falls far below people’s needs and expectations;

2   Regrets that the Copenhagen Accord is not legally binding and neither does  explicitly foresee the conclusion of a legally binding agreement in 2010, nor sets global short or mid and not even long-term reduction targets;

3. Considers that the key message coming out from the global debate in the negotiation is that the actions to be taken by each country should be based on the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities;

4. Regrets that there is no clarity about which developed countries will provide adequate climate financing support for developing countries and how and when exactly this will happen;

5. Regrets the Copenhagen Conference failure as the developed countries didn’t recognize their climate debt towards the developing countries and future generations;

6. Regrets that the perverse consequences of market instruments like carbon trading and of  mechanisms  like the Clean Development Mechanism, were neither duly discussed nor taken into consideration in Copenhagen; regrets the continuous emphasis on market instruments to tackle climate change;

7. Regrets that the amount of financing to developing countries  is below the identified needs, including fast-start funding ( US$ 30 billion) for 2010-2012 and long-term finance ( US$ 100 billion per year in 2020); moreover insists that climate finance for developing countries should be additional to overseas development aid;

8. Regrets that the European Union didn’t take the opportunity in the Copenhagen Conference to go further in assuming its own responsibilities and in convincing other developed countries on the urgency to reduce CO2 emissions of 40% within 2020;

9.   Calls on the Member States to strengthen the targets submitted and to base their emission reduction efforts on action in the Member States rather than relying on offsets;

10. Urges the European Union and the Member States to strengthen their existing climate partnerships with developing countries, and to enter into new partnerships where they do not currently exist, providing significantly increased financial support for technology development and transfer, without the hindrance of disproportional intellectual property rights burdens;

11. Supports the demand of  AOSIS ( Alliance of Small Island States)  in  their efforts to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, including through the provision of increased levels of financial and technological resources

12. Stresses the need to respect developing countries sovereignty in the     definition and implementation of adaptation strategies, respecting their priorities and the need for incorporation of local knowledge into these strategies, promoting their capacity of response; refuses the establishment of new forms of neo-colonialism that accent the dependence of these countries and stresses the need of a genuine cooperation and solidarity.

13.  Welcomes the initiative taken by M. Evo Morales, President of Bolivia, to convoke the Peoples’ World Conference on Climate change and Mother Earth’s Rights from the 19th to the 22nd of April 2010 in the city of Cochabamba; urges the Commission, the Member states, the European Parliament and the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly to send representatives to this important event;

14. Considers that an ambitious and binding agreement should be achieved in    Mexico in 2010, calls therefore for a clear timetable for agreeing this ambitious and legally binding deal based on science;

15. Welcomes the provision for the establishment of institutional structures for managing the financing for climate action, including a Copenhagen Green Fund and a High Level Panel

16. Welcomes the provision of setting up a mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and  forest degradation and enhancing removals of greenhouse gas emissions by forests and stresses the importance of habitats conservation and recovery, the establishment of a Technology Mechanism to accelerate technology development and transfer, while enforcing the development of small and medium farmers’ and indigenous people’s land rights;

17. Insists that, despite of the lack of a binding agreement, the European Union moves to a social sustainable green economy, which has the potential to increase investment, employment, economic welfare and to improve quality of life;

18.     Stresses the importance of a new social and economic model opposing to capitalism;

19.     Calls in improving public research into genuine renewable alternative energy, such as wind and solar power, developing traditional knowledge, water managements techniques and best practices, soil conservation, crop conservation and more generally avoiding the degradation of natural resources;

20. Urges the Member States, to respond to the huge opportunity to base their economic recovery on the green economy and to invest more in research on novel and advanced technologies for sustainable and energy-efficient production processes; considers it essential to improve funding for international cooperation on climate change within the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)

21. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the European Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Secretariat of the UNFCCC