PRE-CONFERENCE OF BOLIVIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS OF BOLIVIA
CONCLUSIONS OF THE WORKING GROUP Nº 13: DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
The Indigenous-Originary-Rural Peoples and Social Organizations of Bolivia, gathered in the city of Cochabamba on March 29th and 30th 2010 for the Pre-Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, elected their representatives for carrying out the debate for the Working Group Nº 13 on Development and Transfer of Technology, representatives composed by the following people:
President: Evan Alvarado Ayca – COB
Actuary: Gabriela Quiroga – Federación del Trópico Chapare
Spokesman: Albino Paniagua – Comunidades Interculturales
Room assistant: Roberto Fernández – EMI Intern.
Facilitator: Sergio Alberto Fernández – Official of the Bolivian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Group Participants: Marcelo Farías Paco, Oscar Castillo, Rolando Mostajo, Darío Cuajera, Angel Aguilar, Miguel Anze, Agripino Cruz, Leandro Poma, Ronald Arispe, Celestino Poma, Pablo Poma, Emilio Apaza, Dora Martínez, Freddy Campos e Inka Andrade.
Once their Directive Board was elected, they proceeded to broadly debate on the topics related to the development and transfer of technology, achieving specific agreements and conclusions. Hence, the Indigenous-Originary-Rural Peoples and Social Organizations of Bolivia:
Demand the fulfilment and the revision of the commitments assumed by developed countries in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, regarding the development and transfer of technology.
These technologies must be clean, environmentally sound, accessible for all developing countries and must not be subject to profit, nor commercialization. Hence, they reject the proposal of developed countries of creating a “technology pool” where instead of transferring technology, it is put to sale and to inaccessible costs.
Demand the creation of the Climate Justice Tribunal and the imposition of sanctions by this Tribunal to States that do not fulfil their commitments of development and transfer of technology.
Furthermore, the creation of a monitoring mechanism of the fulfilment of the commitments of development and transfer of technology of developed countries to developing countries, with the full and active participation of indigenous-originary-rural peoples and social organizations of the world, that accounts with an institutional structure, responds to all Party-Countries of the UNFCCC and that supervises, identifies the needs of every country in terms of technology, and denounces the breach of these commitments to the Climate Justice Tribunal.
Encourage the mid- to long-term substitution of polluting and environmentally harmful technologies, such as the production of plastics, nylons and other materials that cause the degradation of Mother Earth, by clean and organic technologies and its transmission to developing countries, as well as the local treatment of these materials in order for them to be recycled on a mandatory basis.
Call for developed countries to provide financial and technical resources, in order to establish technology excellence centres for the development of appropriate technologies, as well as for the recovery and revalorization of endogenous technologies and for the awareness and capacity building of the peoples.
Request the regulation of environmental effects of mega projects through social control, and the sanction of those that attempt against the environment and against indigenous-originary-rural peoples and social organization of developing countries, and that provoke significant climate change impacts.
Propose that every technological innovation related with the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change that are contemplated by Intellectual Property Rights, due to the global emergency that this issue represents, must be considered of public dominion, not of a private monopoly subject to profit that prevents the transference of technology and limits its access to developing countries.
Highlight the need to promote the use and distribution of free technologies (free software) in public and private institutions that are related to environmental and climate change issues, as well as the utilization of all technological means of massive information circulation for the education and awareness of the world population in environmental issues.