POSITION OF THE PRE-CONFERENCE OF THE INDIGENOUS, NATIVE, PEASANTS AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS OF BOLIVIA ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE RIGHTS OF THE MOTHER EARTH
WORKING GROUP 14: FOREST
1) For us, the indigenous people, native and peasants the forest is our big house, which is the Mother Earth, since plants, animals, water, clean air, human and spiritual beings coexist. We were provided with food by hunting, fishing, gathering wild fruits, provides shelter and natural medicines as by the secret of the plants we heal all our diseases, where biodiversity is conserved. Forests protect us from floods, erosion, pests and diseases, natural disasters and give us the opportunity to live in a healthy environment. Consequently we consider important to restore the interaction to reach a balance between nature and humanity, essential to the preservation and conservation of life on the planet.
2) Indigenous peoples, native and peasant coexist in harmony with nature, because we are the true owners of the forest from immemorial time, we respect the components of the forest offering acknowledgments in our own guidelines and procedures, because we are aware that each species has its function in these ecosystems. For example, species that give the soil fertility (availability of nutrients), plant species are habitat thermostats that regulate temperature, prevent soil erosion; species run the state of forest.
Claims proposed in national and international level.
1) We demand that United Nations entities must revise the concept of forest, because the definition does not represent, nor the sense of the worldview or cosmovision as we called (as we see the world around us) nor the holistic view (integral) of indigenous peoples, native, and peasants.
2) We demand the immediate creation of national and international standards which leave clearly established the role of indigenous peoples, native and peasant for integrated forest management for conservation.
3) The integral forest management for its conservation must take place in strict respect the organizational structure of indigenous peoples, native and peasant. As we demand to be direct beneficiaries of the management of our natural resources in all management processes.
4) We demand the recognition of the role of indigenous women, native and peasant in the cultural preservation and conservation of forests because they think about the future of our children’s lives.
5) The international corporations, transnationals, actors of capitalism and consumerism are the people who are destroying our forests, not the indigenous people, native and peasant. Consequently we demand to the governments do not make more forest and directed concessions at big forest landowners, but instead those lands must be relocated back (transfer) to the indigenous peoples, native and peasant.
6) Since the forest is a carbon storage, we require payment of the climate debt to the country polluters, without conditions. Country polluters must have to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases locally, therefore, is necessary to create an international body that regulates the performance of payment of the climate debt and agreements between countries. We demand the creation of a climate change fund that collects climate debt.
7) We demand the recuperation of degraded native forests, without the intervention of actions related to capitalism, or the promotion of covert evil actions, such as forest plantations carried out by private entities led to the carbon market (NGOs, foundations, institutes , transnationals).
8) We demand respect for the rights of indigenous, native, and peasants who live with the forest and ensure its sustainable development, taking into account the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
9) We require the governments and states to promote appropriate conditions for indigenous people, native and peasant who should make the maintenance of forests in their traditional way, while retaining their cultural identity (giving priority to indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation).
10) We demand to boost the capacity building and empowerment of ancestral knowledge related to forests.
11) We demand supplementary actions to curriculum capabilities with ancestral knowledge. It must change the concept of professional training. Conventional training, based on the green revolution, does not cover the ancestral knowledge of integrated management of forests for conservation.
12) We demand the recognition of the importance of protected areas in conservation of forests, so we call shared management of protected areas as part of comprehensive policies that include forests, land and indigenous peoples, native and peasant.
The actions we propose to national and international level.
1) Forestation, reforestation and awareness training in proper time to the communities (villages) with native species, encouraging conservation through state institutions.
2) Generate agroforestry systems as a way of accumulation of sustainable and alternative carbon.
3) Emphasize the importance of social forest control based in community social groups. Social forest control includes the full participation of indigenous peoples in all actions in the forest: that is, from the diagnosis, planning, establishment, monitoring, evaluation, validation and verification to.
4) Establish mechanisms to promote recovery of native species and ensure the conservation of biodiversity.