International negotiations have often reflected a particular interest in forest resources, both for their role in reducing emissions caused by deforestation and environmental degradation, and for their function as “carbon sinks” for the absorption of Co2.

The protection of forests is not only about preserving trees, however. It is also about preserving a vital process initiated millions of years ago. Forests are spaces inhabited by a diverse group of living things – vegetable, animal, and human (including Indigenous peoples).

 What should be the essential elements of a proposal for the integral and sustainable management of forests in the face of climate change, which would also recognize the rights of Indigenous communities that reside in forests? Does Copenhagen represent progress in this direction?