• Establish a comprehensive strategy and a global action plan of the peoples and civil society, with proposals for effective action to tackle climate change and defending life and Mother Earth.
• Develop proposals to redirect the process of negotiations under the United Nations, which were weakened in Copenhagen, ensuring the implementation of the second period of the Kyoto Protocol and the full, effective and sustained implementation of the convention.
• Develop proposals for creative and effective alternative actions for positioning and deploying CMPCC results to address climate change and defending life and Mother Earth.
How to implement the proposals that come out of the CMPCC?
How to redirect negotiations along the way to gear them towards expected results?
Considering the followin elements, what is our negotiating strategy for the COP 16: the “Copenhagen Accord,” the positions of developing countries during the COP 15 and beyond, the EU statement?
What can people do to be taken into consideration by governments (local, regional and international) and in information processes, decision making and to exercise control or social evaluation of their implementation?
What are the actions that people can implement to address climate change?
Is it necessary to create organs of permanent coordination and participation among people and civil society between these groups and governments, and among governments themselves?
Within the framework of the strategy, which actions should be part of the action plan, with whom and when should they be implemented?
What should be the strategies of governments regarding their commitment to the defense of life and mother earth in the negotiations?
What types of partnerships should be supported and strengthened in the hopes of making progress in negotiating a new framework that will achieve the peoples’ short term and long term objectives at COP 16 in Mexico?Background:
State of progress in negotiations
The United Nations negotiations aim to present a global coordinated and forceful front to the challenge of climate change. So far it has two legal instruments of great value:
• The Convention (1992), http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/convsp.pdf establishes general principles on the issue of climate change, among which is the precautionary principle to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the atmosphere, the right to sustainable development in developing countries and a recognition that historically most emissions are generated by developed countries.
• The Kyoto Protocol (1997) http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpspan.pdf is the only binding legal framework that can ensure the mitigation of greenhouse gases by developed countries. The protocol establishes a first implementation period from 2008 to 2012, and foresees the need for subsequent commitment periods.
The current negotiations have the following two tracks and a dual purpose and are linked via the Bali Roadmap:
• Fully implement the convention in the areas of: shared vision, mitigation, adaptation and financing and technology transfer, through negotiations within the Long Term Cooperation group http : / /unfccc.int/resource/docs/2007/cop13 / spa/06s.pdf
• Set the second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol implementation, through negotiations in the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Kyoto Protocolhttp://m-e-dium.net/articles/post/nico/2009/12/por-que-necesitamos-salvar-el-protocolo-de-kyoto-lim-li-lin-third-world-network/
Despite this mandate, agreed upon unanimously by all member countries of the UNFCCC, there is now strong pressure to abandon the Roadmap, and even let the Kyoto Protocol not be prolonged and thus lose any real effect. The Copenhagen Understanding emerges in this scenario without fulfilling the legal formalities and jeopardizing the mandates established in the Bali decision. It is necessary to note that the Conference of Parties (sí? Es la tradu correcta, conference of paries? Yo no se) has “taken note” of the Copenhagen Accord, which under no circumstances means having approved it
The Copenhagen Accord changes questions of rights, alters the balance of obligations and principles of the Convention and Protocol and it does not provide mechanisms for coordination, monitoring, and implementation, which hinder its implementation and enforcement.
Civil society has shown great concern regarding the course of negotiations http://timetobebold.wordpress.com/ and demands the rejection of the Copenhagen Accord and requests that the two negotiation channels remain open.
Given this background, it is urgent to redirect the course of the negotiations interrupted in Copenhagen and make compromises to ensure the prevention of dangerous levels of climate change for Mother Earth and life.
In this context the CMPCC seeks to provide a space to canalize these needs of the peoples towards the construction of sustainable and alternative proposals to defend the planet.